Ittoqqortoormiit (East Greenlandic), formerly known as Scoresbysund, is a settlement in the Sermersooq municipality in the easternmost Greenland. Its population is 452 as of 2013.
The former name Scoresbysund derives from the Arctic explorer and whaler William Scoresby, who was the first to map the area in 1822. The name "Ittoqqortoormiit" means "Big-House Dwellers" in the Eastern Greenlandic dialect. The region is known for its wildlife, including polar bears, muskoxen, and seals.
Northeast Greenland National Park (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq, Danish: Grønlands Nationalpark) is the world's largest and most northerly national park. Established in 1974 and expanded to its present size in 1988, it protects 972,001 km2 (375,000 sq mi) of the interior and northeastern coast of Greenland and is bigger than all but thirty countries in the world. It was the first national park to be created in the Kingdom of Denmark and remains Greenland's only national park.
The world's largest national park shares borders, largely laid out as straight lines, with the Sermersooq municipality in the south and with the
Qaasuitsup municipality in the
Greenland along the 45° West meridian on the ice cap in the west. The large interior of the park is part of the Greenland Ice Sheet, but there are also large ice-free areas along the coast and on Peary Land in the north.
The national park has no permanent human population. In 1986, the permanent population of the park was 40, living at
Mestersvig, although 400 sites saw occasional summertime use. These 40 were involved in cleanup and closeout operations at mining exploration sites and soon left. Since then censuses have recorded zero permanent human population. Recently only 31 people and about 110 dogs were present over winter in North East Greenland, distributed among the following stations (all on the coast, except
.Mestersvig is a military outpost with a 1,800 m gravel runway located in Scoresby Land, on the southern shore of the King Oscar Fjord in
the corner of Northeast Greenland National Park. It used to be the only permanent station in Northeast Greenland National Park but all of the 1986 population of 40 has been split up into the three newer Northeast Greenland National Park research stations (Danmarkshavn, Nord and Daneborg) except a permanent population of two people, although tourists visit the station occasionally.
During summer scientists add to these numbers. The research station ZERO (Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations) 74°28′11″N 20°34′15″W can cater for over 20 scientists and station personnel.
The only people who have regular access to the area are sealers and whalers from
Ittoqqortoormiit, a town in North-Eastern Greenland.
The National Park in Greenland is an Arctic paradise and a wilderness with wildlife that cannot be matched in the inhabited areas of the country. Located in the north-eastern corner of the country, the park is larger than any other national park in the world.
However, due to its size and relative inaccessibility it is not a national park in the traditional sense.
in Northeast Greenland is the gateway to the National Park in Greenland
itself and is also one of the most remote towns in Greenland. It takes a keen
sense of adventure, and an appetite for the unexpected to venture into this
region but anyone who does so wil be more than rewarded by humbling and
Sund in North-East Greenland is the world's longest fjord, 350 km long.
The fjord is named after William Scoresby located in Ittoqqortoormiit (Danish name: Scoresby). - - Or, The world's longest Fjord is located in the gateway to the world's largest Notionalpark.
The southern coast of the fjord has large steep mountains and fjord's south coast marks the organic system to transition from the high Arctic to central Arctic. Inside the large fjord system, the climate is more protected. Whales, dolphins hares, musk oxen and seabirds can often be observed and icebergs kælves each year in the fjord, from several glacier outlets.
What are Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis?We
are North of the Arctic Circle, and in summer the sun shines 24 hours a day for later this year to turn black and leave the stage to the colorful northern lights
- Aurora Borealis.